1901: A great fire ravages Montreal, resulting in $2.5 million in property lost.
1913: The "Young Turks" revolt because they are angered by the concessions made at the London peace talks.
1932: Franklin D. Rooseveltenters the presidential race.
1948: The Soviets refuse UN entry into North Korea to administer elections.
1949: The Communist Chinese forces begin their advance on Nanking.
1950: Jerusalem becomes the official capital of Israel.
1951: President Truman creates the Commission on Internal Security and Individual Rights, to monitor the anti-Communist campaign.
1969: NASA unveils moon-landing craft.
1973: President Richard Nixonclaims that Vietnam peace has been reached in Paris and that the POWs would be home in 60 days.
1977: Alex Haley's Roots begins a record-breaking eight-night broadcast on ABC.
1981: Under international pressure, opposition leader Kim Dae Jung's death sentence is commuted to life imprisonment in Seoul.
1986: U.S. begins maneuvers off the Libyan coast.
1832: Édouard Manet, French impressionist painter best known for Luncheon in the Grass.
1899: Humphrey Bogart, U.S. film actor (The African Queen, Casablanca, The Maltese Falcon).
1919: Ernie Kovacs, U.S. comedian and television personality.
1957: Princess Caroline of Monaco.